Type Cosmos satellites
alphabetical

Russia / CIS



TypeDesignationLaunch periode
1MSKorolyov OKB Technology satellitesapr.62-oct.62
2MSKorolyov OKB Technology satellitesapr.62-may 62
3MV-1Venus probe testnov.6-mars 64
3MV-4Venus probe testnov.65
4V-1Venus lander test?jun.67-mars 72
Almaz-T/Resurs-RRadar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellites (with nuclear reactor)dec.86-mars 91
Araks/ArkonReconnaissance, Imaging satellitesjun.97-jul.02
ASATMilitary: ASAT programmeoct.67-jun.82
Astrofizika-dec.78
AUOS-Z-R-OScience, magnetospere-
AUOS-Z 501-dec.86
Bars-MReconnaissance, opticalfevr.2015
BionBiological satellites:oct.73-dec.76
Bor-4Space plane recovery testdec.80-dec.84
DS-1Launch Vehicle test payloadsoct.61-dec.61
DS-2Launch Vehicle test payloadsmars 62-dec.64
DS-A1Studies of radiation released during nuclear explosionsoct.62-jul.65
DS-K-8Studies of Meteoroids (ELINT sat)aug.62
DS-K-40Experiments for Tselina Navigation satellitesdec.65-fev.66
DS-MGStudies of the Earth's magnetic fieldmars 64-oct.64
DS-MOAerodynamic Stabilisation and orientation experimentsmars 67-jan.70
DS-MTStudies of Micrometeorites and Gamma radiationjun.63-dec.64
DS-P1Experiments with Ground-based radarsjun.62-fev.64
DS-P1-ICalibration of radars of Soviet space and missile Defence Forcesjan.66-jun.77
DS-P1-MASAT targetdec.70-jun.82
DS-P1-YuCalibration of radars for Soviet Air Defense Forcesjul.64-aug.76
DS-U1-AStudies of the Optical properties of the atmosphereapr.68
DS-U1-GStudies of Upper Atmosphere and variations caused by Solar activityfev.66-dec.67
DS-U1-IKIonosphere studies (Soviet-Bloc collaboration)-
DS-U1-RStudies in the Ultra-violet spectrumapr.70
DS-U1-YaStudies of Streams of charged particles and Cosmic Raysmars 68-jun.68
DS-U2-DStudies of streams of charged particlesdec.66-apr.68
DS-U2-GFGeophysical Studiesdec.68
DS-U2-GKGeophysical Studies of the Upper atmosphere in the Polar regionsdec.68-jun.70
DS-U2-IStudies of the Ionosphere and its influence on UL Wavelenth radiationmay 66-dec.68
DS-U2-IKStudies of charged particles and the Ionosphere-
DS-U2-IPAstronomy, Ionospherenov.70
DS-U2-KAstronomy, Magnetospherejun.71
DS-U2-MAmmonia Maser Flights to determine Quantum Frequency standardsnov.65-mars 67
DS-U2-MGStudies of the Earth's Magnetic Fieldjan.70-aug.70
DS-U2-MPAstronomy, Studies of Micrometeorite Dustdec.66-jun.67
DS-U2-MTAstronomy, X-ray, Gammadec.71
DS-U2-VNavigation Technology testsoct.65-fev.68
DS-U3-IKSolar studies (Soviet-Bloc collaboration)-
DS-U3-SSolar Radiation studiesjun.67-jul.68
Duga-KMilitary Radar Calibration-
Efir--
Ekran-MCommunicationjan 87
EKSEarly warningnov.2015-
Energiya--
EorsatWeapons systems-
EPN 03.0694--
EPN 03.0695--
EtalonGeodesy satellitesjan.89-may 89
Feniks-
FEU-170Technololy-
FotonMicro-gravityapr.85-apr.87
Fram
Garpun-sep.2011-
GeizerCommunication, relay satellites-
Geo-IKGeodesy satellites-
Geo-IK-2Geodesy satellites-
GlonassNavigation satellites-
Glonass-MNavigation satellites-
Gonets-DCommunication satellites-
Gonets-D1Communication satellites-
Gonets-MCommunication satellites-
I2-BM--
I2MMilitary: ASAT target-
I2PMilitary: ASAT satellite-
Ionosfernaya--
IS-AMilitary: ASAT satellite-
IS-M-GVM--
KobaltReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Kobalt-MReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
KoltsoRadar Calibration-
Kometa-
Lira, IS-TASAT target-
Lotos-S--
LuchCommunication, relay satellites-
Luna E-6Lunar probe-
Luna E-6SLunar probe-
Luna E-8-5Lunar probe failure (C 70F02)-
Luna L1 testZond test?-
Luna L1ELune probe-
Luna L3, T2KLunar lander test (C379)-
MarsMars failure (C 419)-
Merkur--
Merkur TKS-VAManned reentry capsule test-
Meteor-1Meteorological test satellites-
Meteor-1 GVMMeteorological test satellites-
Meteor-2 GVMMeteorological test satellites-
Molniya-1 testTelecommunication test satellites-
Molniya-2 testTelecommunication test satellites-
Molniya-3 testTelecommunication test satellites-
MussonGeodesy satellites-
Musson-2Geodesy satellites-
NadezhdaNavigation satellites-
Nauka-16KSTechnology-
Nauka-17KSTechnology-
Nivelir-ZUGeodesy? satellitesJune 2017
OgchFOBS (Fractional Orbital Bombardment System)-
Okean-EOcean Observation-
Okean-OEOcean Observation-
Okean-O1Ocean Observation-
OKO (US-KS)Military: Early warning satellites (Prognoz 1e generation)-
OKO-2Military: Early warning satellites (Prognoz 2e generation)-
OmegaMeteorological test satellites-
OrletsSixth generation reconnaisance satellites-
Orlets-1/DonReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Orlets-2/YeniseyReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Oval/AUOS-Z-R-OScience, magnetospere-
ParusMilitary: Navigation, data relay-
PersonaElectro-optical Reconnaissance satellite-
Plasma-ATechnology, nuclear reactorfev.87-jul.87
Polyot 1ASAT military sat-
Polyot 2ASAT military sat-
PolyusTechnology-
Potok/GeizerCommunication, relay satellites-
Progress?--
Prognoz (US-KMO)Early warning satellites (2d generation)-
Raduga GVMMilitary: Communication-
Raduga-1MMilitary: Communicationdec.07
Resurs-F1 (17F40)Earth observation satellitesjul.86-fev.88
Resurs-F1 (17F41)Earth observation satellitessept.79-may 86
Resurs-F1 (17F43)Earth observation satellitesmay 88-sept.88
Resurs-F2Earth observation satellitesdec.87-jan.89
Resurs-O1Earth observation satellitesoct-85-apr.88
Resurs-OEEarth observation satellitesjul.83
Resurs-TEarth observation satellites?-
RodnikCommunication, relay satellites-
Rodnik-SMilitaire communicationsdec.05-
RombRadar Calibration-
RORSATRadar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellite (with nuclear reactor)-
SalyutSalyut launch failure (C557)-
SferaGeodesy satellites-
Strela-1Remote sensing satellites-
Strela-1MRemote sensing satellites-
Strela-2Remote sensing satellites-
Strela-2MRemote sensing satellites-
Strela-3Remote sensing satellites-
Strela-3MMilitaire communicationsdec.05-
Soyuz ASTP TestSoyuz ASTP test (C638,672)-
Soyuz TestSoyuz test satellites-
Soyuz-T TestSoyuz-T test satellitesaug.74-nov.76
Taifun-1 / VektorRadar Calibration-
Taifun-1Yu / YugRadar Calibration-
Taifun-2Radar Calibration-
Taifun-3Radar Calibration-
TKSManned spacecraft test (C929)-
TKS-MSpace station module test (C1686)-
TKS MerkurManned spacecraft test-
Tselina-DELINT satellites - Second generation-
Tselina-OELINT satellites - 1e generation-
Tselina-RELINT satellites-
Tselina-2ELINT satellites-
TsikadaNavigation satellites-
Tsikada-MNavigation satellites-
TsyklonNavigation satellites-
Tsyklon-GVMNavigation satellites-
TundraEarly warningnov.2015-
Uragan-GVMNavigation test satellitesoct.82-dec.85
Uragan / GlonassGLONASS Global Orbiting Navigation Satellitesoct.82-
Uragan-KNavigation satellites-
Uragan-K1Navigation satellites-
Uragan-MNavigation satellites-
US-ARadar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellites (with nuclear reactor)-
US-A testRadar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellites (with nuclear reactor)-
US-AMOcean surveilance satellite-
US-KMilitary: Early warning satellites -
US-KMOEarly warning satellites (2d generation)-
US-KSMilitary: Early warning satellites (Prognoz 1e generation)-
US-POcean surveilance satellite-
US-PMOcean surveilance satellite-
Vektor--
Venera 4V-1C167, 359, 482-
Voskhod test 3KVC47, 57, 65F07, 110-
Yantar-1KFT/KometaReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Yantar-2K/FeniksReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Yantar-4K1/OktanReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Yantar-4K2/KobaltReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Yantar-4K2M/Kobalt-MReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Yantar-4KS1/TerilenReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Yantar-4KS2/NemanReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
YeniseyReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Yug--
ZalivNavigation satellites
Zenit-2Reconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zenit-2M/GektorReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zenit-2M/NKh/GektorReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zenit-4Reconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zenit-4M/RotorReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zenit-4MK/GermesReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zenit-4MKM/GeraklReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zenit-4MKT/FramReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zenit-4MT/OrionReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zenit-6U/ArgonReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zenit-8/OblikReconnaissance, Imaging satellites-
Zond testC159 (E-6LS)-
Zond-L1E--
Zond-L1P--

Others:

Cargo to space stations:

Cosm 1267 - Cosm 1443 - Cosm 1669 - Cosm 1686

Lunar failed satellites:

Luna-E: Cosm 60 - Cosm 111
- Cosm 159 - Cosm 300 - Cosm 305

Soyuz test flights:

Soyuz Test: Cosm 133 - 66F13 - 140 - 159 - 186 - 188 - 212 - 213 - 238 - 379 - 382 - 398 - 434 - 496 - 613 - 656
Soyuz-T Test: Cosm 670 - 772 - 869 - 1001 - 1074

Soyuz-based L1 test flights:

L1: Cosmos 146 - 154 -

Ref.: #5, #7 - update: 15.07.17 Home