Manned Flight n: 128

Earth orbit Flight n: 125

USA manned Flight n: 62

Launch, orbit & landing data:

Designation 20297 / 89084A
Launch date - time 18 Oct 1989 - 16:53:40 UT
Launch site KSC, LC39B
Launch vehicle  Space Shuttle
Orbiter Atlantis OV-104 (#5)
Primary payload Galileo
Mass (kg) 
Flight Crew Williams, McCulley, Lucid
Chang-Diaz, Baker
Call Sign 
Earth orbit on :
   - Perigee / Apogee  km
   - Inclination 34.3°
   - Period  min
Landing date - time 23 Oct 1989 - 16:33:01 UT
Landing location Edwards AFB, Runway 23
Flight Duration (d:hr:min) 4d 23h 39m
Nbr orbits 79


Nr. Surname Given name Job Duration
1  Williams  Donald Edward  CDR 4d 23h 39m 
2  McCulley  Michael James  PLT 4d 23h 39m 
3  Chang-Diaz  Franklin Ramon  MSP 4d 23h 39m 
4  Lucid  Matilda Shannon Wells  MSP 4d 23h 39m 
5  Baker  Ellen Louise Shulman  MSP 4d 23h 39m 

Mission details:

Launch from Cape Canaveral (KSC); landing on Edwards AFB; primary payload: Galileo/Jupiter spacecraft (start of a very succesful Galileo-mission); experiments in the areas of geophysics, chemistry, medicine and technical-optics.

18 October 1989 17:02 GMT. Duration: 4.99 days. Call Sign: Atlantis.LV Configuration: STS-34.Payload: Atlantis F05 / Galileo [IUS]. Mass: 22,064 kg. Perigee: 298 km. Apogee: 307 km. Inclination: 34.3 deg. Period: 90.6 min.
STS-34 STS-34 - STS-34 Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, lifts off from KSC LC Pad 39B - Credit: NASA.

Manned five crew. Deployed Galileo .Payloads: Deploy IUS with Galileo spacecraft. Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV), Polymer Morphology (PM) experiments, IMAX camera project, Mesoscale Lightning Experiment (MLE), Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) experiment, Growth Hormone Concentration and Distribution (GHCD) in Plants experiment, Sensor Technology Experiment (STEX), SSIP Student Experiment (SE) 82-15, Ice Crystals Experiment. First flight at this inclination.

STS-34 Galileo spacecraft / IUS deployment sequence in OV-104's payload bay - Credit:NASA.

STS-34 Galileo spacecraft / inertial upper stage (IUS) deployment - Credit: NASA.

Orbits of Earth: 79. Distance traveled: 3,218,687 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 116,831 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 88,881 kg. Payload to Orbit: 22,064 kg. Payload Returned: 4,819 kg. Landed at: Runway 23 dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base, . Landing Speed: 361 kph. Landing Rollout: 2,949 m.

NASA Official Mission Narrative

Mission Name: STS-34 (31)
Atlantis (5)
Pad 39-B (12)
31st Shuttle mission
5th Flight OV-104

Donald E. Williams (2), Commander
Michael J. McCulley (1), Pilot
Franklin R. Chang-Diaz (2), Mission Specialist 1
Shannon W. Lucid (2), Mission Specialist 2
Ellen S. Baker (1), Mission Specialist 3

OPF - May 16, 1989
VAB - Aug. 21, 1989
PAD - Aug. 29, 1989

STS-34STS-34 - STS-34 Commander Williams looks away from forward flight deck controls - Credit: NASA.

Mission Objectives:

October 18, 1989, 12:53:40 p.m. EDT. Launch set for Oct. 12 rescheduled due to faulty main engine controller on number two main engine. Launch set for Oct. 17 rescheduled due to weather constraints for a return-to-launch-site landing at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility. Launch Weight: 257,569 lbs.
Altitude: 185nm
Inclination: 34.3 degrees
Orbits: 79
Duration: 4 days, 23 hours, 39 minutes, 20 seconds.
Distance: 2,000,000 miles (approx)

STS-34STS-34 - Moon taken by Galileo after completing its first Earth Gravity Assist - Credit: NASA.

SRB: BI-032
SRM: 360L006
ET : 27/LWT-20
MLP : 1
SSME-1: SN-2027
SSME-2: SN-2030
SSME-3: SN-2029

October 23, 1989, 9:33:00 a.m. PDT, Runway 23, Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. Rollout distance: 9,677 feet. Rollout time: 60 seconds. Orbiter returned to KSC Oct. 29, 1989. Landing Weight: 195,954 lbs.

Mission Highlights:
Primary payload, Galileo/Jupiter spacecraft and attached Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), deployed six hours, 30 minutes into flight. IUS stages fired, placing Galileo on trajectory for six-year trip to Jupiter via gravitational boosts from Venus and Earth and possible observational brushes with asteroids Gaspra and Ida. Secondary payloads included Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) experiment carried in cargo bay, and in crew cabin, Growth Hormone Crystal Distribution (GHCD); Polymer Morphology (PM), Sensor Technology Experiment (STEX); Mesoscale Lightning Experiment (MLE); IMAX camera; Shuttle Student Involvement Program (SSIP) experiment that investigated ice crystal formation in zero gravity; and ground-based Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) experiment

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