STS-87

USA


Manned Flight n: 203

Earth orbit Flight n: 200

USA manned Flight n: 119


Launch, orbit & landing data:

Designation 25061 / 97073A
Launch date - time 19 Nov 1997 - 19:46:00 UT
Launch site KSC, LC39B
Launch vehicle  Space Shuttle
Orbiter Columbia #24 (OV-102)
Primary payload Spartan 201 - USMP-4
Mass (kg) 
Flight Crew Kregel, Lindsay, Chawla
Scott, Doi, Kadenyuk
Earth orbit on :
   - Perigee / Apogee 277 km
   - Inclination 28.45°
   - Period  min
Landing date - time 05 Dec 1997 - 12:20:04 UT
Landing location KSC, Runway 33
Flight Duration (d:hr:min) 15d 16h 34m
Nbr orbits 252

Crew

Nr. Surname Given name Job Duration
1  Kregel  Kevin Richard  CDR 15d 16h 34m 
2  Lindsey  Steven Wayne  PLT 15d 16h 34m 
3  Scott  Winston Elliott  MSP 15d 16h 34m 
4  Chawla  Kalpana  MSP 15d 16h 34m 
5  Doi  Takao  MSP 15d 16h 34m 
6  Kadenyuk  Leonid Konstantinovich  PSP 15d 16h 34m 

Mission details:

Launch from Cape Canaveral (KSC); landing on Cape Canaveral (KSC); mission USMP-4 (United States Microgravity Payload); satellite SPARTAN-201-04 was deployed but get then out of control; Scott and Doi captured the satellite with their hands during of a not planned EVA on 24.11.1997 (7h 43m); during this EVA the astronauts tested a new small crane; experiments in the field of materials science, biology (i.e. flame and fluid experiments, experiments with soybeans and moss); second (planned) EVA by Scott and Doi on 02.12.1997 (4h 59m); ;during this EVA the small crane again was tested; first time testing of the Autonomous EVA Robotic Camera Sprint (AERCam Sprint); this camera is in a "ball" and steered with a joystick in the Flight deck and can check every part of a shuttle (and later the ISS).

19 November 1997 19:46 GMT. Duration: 15.69 days.Agency: NASA Payload: Columbia F24 / Spartan / USMP-4 Aft. Perigee: 273 km. Apogee: 279 km. Inclination: 28.5 deg. Period: 90.0 min.


Columbia rolls out to LC39B - Credit: NASA.

Lifft off from Columbia - Credit: NASA.


OV-102 Columbia was launched on a microgravity science mission. Spartan 201 was released a day late on November 21. However the satellite did not start its automatic orientation maneuver because the crew failed to send it the correct commands prior to release.

Spartan was recaptured by hand, during a spacewalk by Takao Doi and Winston Scott on November 25. Tests of space station tools went well, but the free-flying Sprint camera subsatellite was not deployed due to lack of time.

NASA decided not to redeploy Spartan on this mission. During an EVA on Dec 3, Doi and Scott carried out more tests of the Space Station crane. They also deployed the AERCam/Sprint 'football' remote-controlled camera for a free flight in the payload bay.

Columbia landed on December 5, with a deorbit burn at 11:21 GMT. Touchdown was at 12:20 GMT at Kennedy Space Center.

Solid rocket motors RSRM-63 separated two minutes after launch. The orbiter rolled to a heads up position five minutes after launch, in a test of communications via the TDRS comsat. Main engine cutoff and separation of External Tank ET-89 came at T+8 minutes, leaving OV-102 in an elliptical transfer orbit. It then entered a 300 km circular orbit at 28 deg inclination.

Spartan 201 was released a day late (because of a safemode event on the SOHO satellite whose results it will calibrate), at 21:05 GMT on November 21. However the satellite did not start its automatic orientation maneuver because the crew failed to send it the correct commands prior to release. Mission specialist Chalwa moved the robot arm in to grapple it again at about 21:10 GMT. The grapple was unsuccessful and the Spartan was left tumbling. At 22:10 it was decided to move away from Spartan for the day.

Spartan was recaptured by hand, during a spacewalk by Takao Doi and Winston Scott that began at started at 00:02 GMT November 25. After patiently waiting for over two hours as SPARTAN slowly rotated above their heads, the astronauts grabbed the Spartan satellite at 02:09 GMT, then lowered it onto its berth in the payload bay. The astronauts had difficulty berthing it so Chalwa grappled it with the RMS arm and berthed it around 033:0 GMT. The spacewalk ended 07:45 GMT. The tests of space station tools went well, but the free-flying Sprint camera subsatellite was not deployed due to lack of time.

NASA decided not to redeploy Spartan on this mission. On December 2, Spartan was unberthed with the RMS arm and used while attached to the arm for tests of an instrument called the Video Guidance Sensor which will be used during space station dockings. During an EVA on December 3, Doi and Scott carried out more tests of the Space Station crane. They also deployed the AERCam/Sprint 'football' remote-controlled camera for a free flight in the payload bay. Scott deployed the camera at 12:15 GMT and recovered it at 13:27 GMT. Airlock was repressurized at 14:09 GMT.

Cargo bay payloads:

  • Bay 2 Stbd - LHP/NaSBE (Hitchhiker Payload - Sodium-Sulfur battery)
  • Bay 3 Port - EDFT-05 / OTD (Extravehicular Activities, EVA crane)
  • Bay 3 Stbd - EVA Foot restraint
  • Bay 4 Port - GAS-036 (Hitchhiker Payload - High school experiment - mix cement in space)
  • Bay 4 Stbd - EDFT-05 / ORU (Extravehicular Activities, dummy Orbital Replacement Unit).
  • Bay 5 - Spartan 201-04 (Free-flying Solar observatory on its fourth flight.)
  • Bay 6 Port - TGDF (Hitchhiker Payload - Physics of flames experiment)
  • Bay 6 Stbd - LHP (Hitchhiker Payload - Heat pipe technology test)
  • Bay 7 Stbd - SOLSE (Hitchhiker Payload - Ozone study)
  • Bay 8 - 9 : United States Microgravity Payload-4 (USMP-4)

  • Advanced Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (AADSF)
  • Confined Helium Experiment (CHeX)
  • Isothermal Dendritic Growth Experiment (IDGE)
  • Materials for the Study of Interesting Phenomena of
  • Solidification on Earth and in Orbit (MEPHISTO)
  • Microgravity Glovebox Facility
  • Enclosed Laminar Flames (ELF)
  • Wetting Characteristics of Immiscibles
  • Particle Engulfment and Pushing by a Solid/Liquid Interface (PEP)
  • Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS)
  • Orbital Acceleration Research Experiment (OARE)
  • Bay 11keel - OARE Orbital Acceleration Research Experiment Accelerations
  • Bay 12-13 - EDO Extended duration kit
  • In-Cabin Payloads: MGBX; CUE; Sprint/AERCAM; MSX; SIMPLEX

    Developmental Test Objectives
    Detailed Supplementary Objectives
    Risk Mitigation Experiments

  • DTO 312: External Tank TPS Performance
  • DTO 671: EVA Hardware for Future Scheduled EVA Missions
  • DTO 685: On-Board Situational Awareness Displays for Ascent and Entry
  • DTO 805: Crosswind Landing Performance
  • DTO 844: RMS Situational Awareness Displays
  • DSO 206: Effects of Space Flight on Bone and Muscle (Doi only)
  • DSO 331: LES and Sustained Weightlessness on Egress Locomotion
  • DSO 496: Individual Susceptibility To Post-Spaceflight Orthostatic Intolerance
  • DSO 802: Educational Activities
  • RME 1309: In-Suit Doppler Ultrasound for Determining Risk of Decompression
  • RME 1323: Autonomous EVA Robotic Camera/SPRINT




  • Mission specialist Doi operating cranes during his first EVA on 25/11/97 - Credit: NASA.

    Mission specialist W.Scott with his box lunch - Credit: NASA

    Landing at night - Credit: NASA.



    Payload and Vehicle Masses: Orbiter (Columbia) empty and 3 SSME's: 82,447 kg; Shuttle System at SRB Ignition: 2,050,242 kg; Orbiter Weight at Landing with Cargo: 102,697 kg; SPARTAN: 1,351 kg; EDFT Hardware: 395 kg; LHP: 125 kg; USMP-4: 2,133 kg; OARE: 112 kg; SOLSE: 196 kg; CUE: 135 kg.
    Ref.: #7, #8, #16 - update: 25.03.06 Home