STS-54

USA


Manned Flight nº: 157

Earth orbit Flight nº: 154

USA manned Flight nº: 84


Launch, orbit & landing data:

Designation 22313 / 93003A
Launch date - time 13 Jan 1993 - 13:59:30 UT
Launch site KSC, LC39B
Launch vehicle  Space Shuttle
Orbiter Endeavour #3 (OV-105)
Primary payload TDRS-6
Mass (kg) 
Flight Crew Casper, McMonagle, Runco
Harbaugh, Helms
Call Sign 
Earth orbit on :
   - Perigee / Apogee 294 x 312 km
   - Inclination 28.47 deg
   - Period 90.58 min
Landing date - time 19 Jan 1993 - 13:38:17 UT (13:37?)
Landing location KSC, Runway 33
Flight Duration (d:hr:min) 5d 23h 38m
Nbr orbits 96
Distance traveled 4,025,415 km
STS-54 path

Crew

Nr. Surname Given name Job Duration
1  Casper  John Howard  CDR 5d 23h 38m 
2  McMonagle  Donald Ray  PLT 5d 23h 38m 
3  Runco  Mario, Jr.  MSP 5d 23h 38m 
4  Harbaugh  Gregory Jordan  MSP 5d 23h 38m 
5  Helms  Susan Jane  MSP 5d 23h 38m 

Mission details:

Launch from Cape Canaveral (KSC); landing on Cape Canaveral (KSC); deploying communications satellite TDRS-F; Hitchhiker experiment Diffuse X-Ray Spectrometer (DXS); EVA by Harbough and Runco (4h 18m) performing a series of space-walking tasks, including testing abilities of free moving, climbing into foot restraints without using their hands and more; several experiments in physics and biology.

Duration: 5.98 days. Payload: Endeavour F03 / TDRS 6 [IUS]. Mass: 21,156 kg. Perigee: 302 km. Apogee: 309 km. Inclination: 28.5 deg. Period: 90.6 min.

Manned five crew. Deployed TDRSS 6. Payloads: Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS)-F/Inertial Upper Stage (IUS); Diffuse X-ray Spectrometer (DXS); Chromosome and Plant Cell Division in Space (CHROMEX); Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGBA) A; Physiological and Anatomical Rodent Experiment (PARE) 02; Solid Surface Combustion Experiment (SSCE).

Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 117,600 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 89,708 kg. Payload to Orbit: 21,156 kg. Payload Returned: 4,113 kg. Landed at: Concrete Runway 33 at Kennedy Space Center, Florid. Landing Speed: 379 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 457 m. Landing Rollout: 2,651 m. EVA: Gregory J. Harbaugh and Mario Runco, Jr. Duration 4 hours, 27 minutes, 50 seconds.



NASA Official Mission Narrative

Mission Name: STS-54 (53)
Endeavour (3)
Pad 39-B (23)
53rd Shuttle Mission
3rd Flight of OV-105
KSC Landing (14)

Crew:
John H. Casper (2), Commander
Donald R. McMonagle (2), Pilot
Mario Runco, Jr.(2), Mission Specialist 1
Gregory J. Harbaugh (2), Mission Specialist 2
Susan J. Helms (1), Mission Specialist 3

Milestones:
OPF-1 - 9/20/92
VAB - 11/23/92
PAD-B - 12/3/92

Payload:
TDRS-F,DXS,CGBA,CHROMEX,PARE,SAMSSSCE
Mission Objectives:

Launch:
Jan. 13, 1993, 8:59.30 a.m. EST. Launch was delayed about 7 minutes due to concerns associated with upper atmospheric winds.
Orbit:
Altitude: 165 nm
Inclination: 28.45 degrees
Orbits: 96
Duration: 5 days 23 hours 38 minutes 19 seconds
Distance: miles

Hardware:
SRB: BI-056
SRM: 360L029
ET : 51
MLP : 2
SSME-1: SN-2019
SSME-2: SN-2033
SSME-3: SN-2018

Landing:
Jan. 19, 1993, 8:37.47 a.m. EST, KSC Runway 33, Orbit 96. Mission Elapsed time: 5 days, 23 hours, 38 minutes. Rollout distance: 8,723 feet. Landing delayed one orbit due to ground fog at KSC.

Mission Highlights:
The primary payload was the fifth Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-F) which was deployed on day one of the mission. It was later successfully transferred to its proper orbit by the Inertial Upper Stage booster.
Also carried into orbit in the payload bay was a Hitchhiker experiment called the Diffuse X-ray Spectrometer (DXS). This instrument collected data on X-ray radiation from diffuse sources in deep space.
Other middeck payloads to test the effects of microgravity included the Commercial General Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGPA) for-life sciences research; the Chromosome and Plant Cell Division in Space Experiment (CHROMEX) to-study plant growth; the Physiological and Anatomical Rodent Experiment (PARE) to examine the skeletal system and the adaptation of bone to space flight; the Space Acceleration Measurement Equipment (SANS) to measure and record the microgravity acceleration environment of middeck experiments; and the Solid Surface Combustion Experiment (SSCE) to measure the rate of flame spread and temperature of burning filter paper.
Also, on day five, mission specialists Mario Runco and Greg Harbaugh spent nearly 5 hours in the open cargo bay performing a series of space-walking tasks designed to increase NASAs knowledge of working in space. They tested their abilities to move about freely in the cargo bay, climb into foot restraints without using their hands and simulated carrying large objects in the microgravity environment.


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