STS-52

USA


Manned Flight n: 155

Earth orbit Flight n: 152

USA manned Flight n: 82


Launch, orbit & landing data:

Designation 22194 / 92070A
Launch date - time 22 Oct 1992 - 17:09:40 UT
Launch site KSC, LC39B
Launch vehicle  Space Shuttle
Orbiter Columbia OV-102 (#13)
Primary payload Lageos 2 / CTA
Mass (kg) 
Flight Crew Wetherbee, Baker, Veach
Shepherd, Jernigan, MacLean
Call Sign 
Earth orbit on :
   - Perigee / Apogee  km
   - Inclination 28.45°
   - Period  min
Landing date - time 01 Nov 1992 - 14:05:53 UT
Landing location KSC, Runway 33
Flight Duration (d:hr:min) 9d 20h 56m
Nbr orbits 159
Distance traveled 6,645,026 km

Crew

Nr. Surname Given name Job Duration
1  Wetherbee  James Donald  CDR 9d 20h 56m 
2  Baker  Michael Allen  PLT 9d 20h 56m 
3  Veach  Charles Lacy  MSP 9d 20h 56m 
4  Shepherd  William McMichael  MSP 9d 20h 56m 
5  Jernigan  Tamara Elizabeth "Tammy"  MSP 9d 20h 56m 
6  MacLean  Steven Glenwood  PSP 9d 20h 56m 

Mission details:

Launch from Cape Canaveral (KSC); landing on Cape Canaveral (KSC); deploying of Laser Geodynamic Satellite II (LAGEOS-II); second primary objective was the operation of U.S. Microgravity Payload 1 (USMP-1) with three experiments; heat pipe experiments; Canadian experiment "CANEX-2 (with Space Vision System).

22 October 1992 17:16 GMT. Duration: 9.87 days.Payload: Columbia F13 / Lageos 2 [Iris] / CTA. Mass: 9,106 kg. Perigee: 304 km. Apogee: 307 km. Inclination: 28.5 deg. Period: 90.6 min.

Deployed Lageos 2, CTA. Payloads: Laser Geodynamic Satellite (LAGEOS) II/ Italian Research Interim Stage (IRIS), Canadian Experiments (CANEX) 2, United States Micro-gravity Payload (USMP) 1, Attitude Sensor Pack-age (ASP), Tank Pressure Control Experiment (TPCE), Physiological Systems Experiment (PSE), Heat Pipe Performance (HPP) experiment, Commercial Protein Crystal Growth (CPCG), Shuttle Plume Impingement Experiment (SPIE), Commercial Materials ITA Experiment (CMIX), Crystals by Vapor Transport Experiment (CVTE).

Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 113,457 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 97,572 kg. Payload to Orbit: 9,106 kg. Payload Returned: 6,540 kg. Landed at: Runway 33 at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Landing Speed: 391 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 329 m. Landing Rollout: 3,263 m.



NASA Official Mission Narrative

Mission Name: STS-52 (51)
COLUMBIA (13)
Pad 39-B (22)
51th Shuttle Mission
13th Launch of OV-102
KSC Landing (13)

Crew:
James B. Wetherbee (2), Commander
Michael A. Baker (2), Pilot
Charles L. Veach (2), Mission Specialist 1
William M. Shepherd (3), Mission Specialist 2
Tamara E. Jernigan (2), Mission Specialist 3
Steven G. MacLean (1), Payload Specialist 1

Milestones:
OPF-1 - 7/9/92
VAB - 9/20/92
PAD-B - 9/26/92

Payload:
LAGEOS-II,USMP-1,CANEX-2,CMIX,CPCG,CVTEHPPE,PSE,SPIE,TPCE/TP
Mission Objectives:

Launch:
Oct. 22, 1992, 1:09:39:6433 p.m. EDT. Launch delayed l hour and 53 minutes due to RTLS crosswind constraints at KSC's Shuttle Landing Facility and cloud conditions at the Banjul TAL site. Payload weight up: 20,077 lbs. Total Vehicle weight 4,514,325 lbs. Vehicle empty weight: 181,169 lbs. Orbiter weight at liftoff 250,130 lbs.
Orbit:
Altitude: 163 nm
Inclination: 28.45 degrees
Orbits: 159
Duration: 9 days, 20 hours, 56 minutes and 13 seconds.
Distance: 4,129,028 miles

Hardware:
SRB: BI-054
SRM: 360L/Q027
ET : 55
MLP: 1
SSME-1: SN-2030
SSME-2: SN-2015
SSME-3: SN-2034

Landing:
Nov. 1, 1992, 9:05:53 a.m. EST, Runway 33, Kennedy Space Center, Fla. Rollout distance: l0,708 ft. Landing Weight: 215,114 lbs. Payload down weight 14,419 lbs.

Mission Highlights:
Primary mission objectives were deployment of the Laser Geodynamic Satellite II (LAGEOS-II) and operation of the U.S. Microgravity Payload-1 (USMP-1). LAGEOS-II, a joint effort between NASA and the Italian Space Agency (ASI), was deployed on day 2 and boosted into an initial elliptical orbit by ASI's Italian Research Interim Stage (IRIS). The spacecraft's apogee kick motor later circularized LAGEOS orbit at its operational altitude of 3,666 miles. The USMP-1, activated on day one, included three experiments mounted on two connected Mission Peculiar Equipment Support Structures (MPESS) mounted in the orbiter's cargo bay. USMP-1 experiments were: Lambda Point Experiment; Materiel Pour L'Etude Des Phenomenes Interessant La Solidification Sur Et En Orbite (MEPHISTO), sponsored by the French agency Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales; and Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS).
Secondary payloads: (1) Canadian experiment, CANEX-2, located in both the orbiter's cargo bay and middeck and which consisted of Space Vision System (SVS); Materials Exposure in Low-Earth Orbit (MELEO); Queen's University Experiment in Liquid-Metal Diffusion (QUELD); Phase Partitioning in Liquids (PARLIQ); Sun Photospectrometre Earth Atmosphere Measurement-2 (SPEAM-2); Orbiter Glow-2 (OGLOW-2); and Space Adaptation Tests and Observations (SATO). A small, specially marked satellite, the Canadian Target Assembly, was deployed on day nine, to support SVS experiments. (2) ASP, featuring three independent sensors mounted on a Hitchhiker plate in the cargo bay -, Modular Star Sensor, Yaw Earth Sensor and Low Altitude Conical Earth Sensor, all provided by the European Space Agency.
Other middeck payloads: Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus Instrument Technology Associates Experiments; Commercial Protein Crystal Growth experiment; Chemical Vapor Transport Experiment; Heat Pipe Performance Experiment; Physiological Systems Experiment (involving 12 rodents); and Shuttle Plume Impingement Experiment. The orbiter also was used as a reference point for calibrating an Ultraviolet Plume Instrument on an orbiting Strategic Defense Initiative Organization satellite.
The Tank Pressure Control Experiment/Thermal Phenomena (TPCE/TP) was contained in a Getaway Special (GAS) canister in the orbiter's cargo bay.


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