STS-45

USA


Manned Flight n: 149

Earth orbit Flight n: 146

USA manned Flight n: 77


Launch, orbit & landing data:

Designation 21915 / 92015A
Launch date - time 24 Mar 1992 - 13:13:39 UT
Launch site KSC, LC39A
Launch vehicle  Space Shuttle
Orbiter Atlantis OV-104 (#11)
Primary payload ATLAS-1
Mass (kg) 
Flight Crew Bolden, Duffy, Sullivan, Leestma
Foale, Frimout, Lichtenberg
Call Sign 
Earth orbit on :
   - Perigee / Apogee  km
   - Inclination 57.0°
   - Period  min
Landing date - time 02 Apr 1992 - 11:23:05 UT
Landing location KSC, Runway 33
Flight Duration (d:hr:min) 8d 22h 09m
Nbr orbits 143

Crew

Nr. Surname Given name Job Duration
1  Bolden  Charles Frank, Jr.  CDR 8d 22h 09m 
2  Duffy  Brian  PLT 8d 22h 09m 
3  Sullivan  Kathryn Dwyer  MSP 8d 22h 09m 
4  Leestma  David Cornell  MSP 8d 22h 09m 
5  Foale  Colin Michael  MSP 8d 22h 09m 
6  Lichtenberg  Byron Kurt  PSP 8d 22h 09m 
7  Frimout  Dirk Dries David Damiaan  PSP 8d 22h 09m 

Mission details:

Launch from Cape Canaveral (KSC); landing on Cape Canaveral (KSC); first mission of Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-01) on Spacelab-pallets; photographic work; the pilots had to fly more than 250 manoeuvres to bring Atlantis in the right position for the different experiments.

24 March 1992 13:12 GMT. Duration: 8.92 days. Payload: Atlantis F11 / Atlas 1 Fwd. Mass: 8,020 kg. Perigee: 282 km. Apogee: 294 km. Inclination: 57.0 deg. Period: 90.3 min.

Manned seven crew. Carried ATLAS-1 experimental package. Payloads: Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS)-1, Shuttle Solar Backscat-ter Ultraviolet (SSBUV)-4, Getaway Special Experiment G-229, Space Tissue Loss (STL)-1, Radiation Monitoring Equipment (RME)-lIl, Visual Function Tester (VFT)-lI, Cloud Logic To Opti-mize Use of Defense Systems (CLOUDS)-1A, Investigations Into Polymer Membrane Process-ing (IPMP), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX)-Il, Ultraviolet Plume Instrument (UVPl).

Orbits of Earth: 143. Distance traveled: 5,994,719 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 105,981 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 93,003 kg. Payload to Orbit: 8,020 kg. Payload Returned: 8,020 kg. Landed at: Concrete runway 33 at Kennedy Space Cen-ter, Flori. Landing Speed: 361 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 548 m. Landing Rollout: 2,809 m.



NASA Official Mission Narrative

Mission Name: STS-45 (46)
Atlantis (11)
Pad 39-A (45)
46th Shuttle Flight
11th Flight OV-104
KSC Landing (9)

Crew:
Charles F. Bolden (3), Commander
Brian Duffy (1), Pilot
Kathyrn D. Sullivan (3), Payload Commander
David C. Leestma (3), Mission Specialist 2
C. Michael Foale (1), Mission Specialist 3
Byron K. Lichtenberg (2), Payload Specialist 1
Dirk D. Frimout (1), Payload Specialist 2

Milestones:
OPF - 12/9/91
VAB - 2/13/92
PAD - 2/19/92

Payload:
ATLAS-01,SSBUV-04,STL-01,IPMP,SAREX(2),VFT-2,RME-III,CLOUDS-1A,GAS(x1)
Mission Objectives:

Launch:
March 24, l992, 8:13 a.m. EST. Launch originally scheduled for March 23, but was delayed one day because of higher the allowable concentrations of liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen in the orbiter's aft compartment during tanking operations. During troubleshooting, the leaks could not be reproduced, leading engineers to believe that they were the result of plumbing in the main propulsion system not thermally conditioned to the super cold propellants. Launch was rescheduled for March 24. Launch Weight: 233,650 lbs.
Orbit:
Altitude: 160nm
Inclination: 57.0 degrees
Orbits: 143
Duration: 8 days, 22 hours, 9 minutes 28 seconds.
Distance: 3,238,177 miles

Hardware:
SRB: BI-049
SRM: 360L/W021
ET : 44/LWT-37
MLP : 1
SSME-1: SN-2024
SSME-2: SN-2012
SSME-3: SN-2028

Landing:
April 2, 1992, 6:23 a.m. EST, Runway 33, Kennedy Space Center. Rollout distance 9,227 feet. Mission extended one day to continue science experiments. Landing Weight: 205,042 lbs.

Mission Highlights:
Carried first Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-1) on Spacelab pallets mounted in orbiter's cargo bay. The non-deployable payload, equipped with l2 instruments from the U.S., France, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, The Netherlands and Japan, conducted studies in atmospheric chemistry, solar radiation, space plasma physics and ultraviolet astronomy. ATLAS-1 instruments were: Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS); Grille Spectrometer; Millimeter Wave Atmospheric Sounder (MAS); Imaging Spectrometric Observatory (ISO); Atmospheric Lyman-Alpha Emissions (ALAE); Atmospheric Emissions Photometric Imager (AEPI); Space Experiments with Particle Accelerators (SEPAC); Active Cavity Radiometer (ACR); Measurement of Solar Constant (SOLCON); Solar Spectrum (SOLSPEC); Solar Ultraviolet Spectral Irradiance Monitor (SUSIM); and Far Ultraviolet Space Telescope (FAUST). Other payloads included Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) experiment, one get-away Special (GAS) experiment and six mid-deck experiments.


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