Manned Flight nº: 121
Earth orbit Flight nº: 118
USA manned Flight nº: 57
Launch, orbit & landing data:
|Designation|| 19547 / 88091A|
|Launch date - time|| 29 Sep 1988 - 15:37:00 UT|
|Launch site|| KSC, LC39B|
|| Space Shuttle |
|Orbiter|| Discovery OV-103 (#7)|
|Primary payload|| TDRS-3|
|Mass (kg)|| |
|Flight Crew|| Hauck, Covey, Lounge|
|Call Sign|| |
|Earth orbit on :|
| - Perigee / Apogee|| km|
| - Inclination|| 28.5°|
| - Period|| min|
|Landing date - time|| 03 Oct 1988 - 16:37:11 UT|
|Landing location|| Edwards AFB, Runway 17|
|Flight Duration (d:hr:min)|| 4d 01h 00m|
|Nbr orbits|| 64||
|| Frederick Hamilton "Rick"
||4d 01h 00m
|| Richard Oswalt
||4d 01h 00m
|| John Michael
||4d 01h 00m
|| George Driver "Pinky"
||4d 01h 00m
|| David Carl
||4d 01h 00m
Launch from Cape Canaveral (KSC); landing on Edwards
AFB; first flight of a space shuttle after the Challenger-disaster;
deploying of U.S. communications satellite TDRS-C; different scientific
experiments, as Protein Crystal Growth (PCG) and Infrared Communications
Flight Experiment (IRCFE).
29 September 1988
15:50 GMT. Duration: 4.04 days. Call Sign: Discovery. LV Configuration: STS-26R.
Discovery F07 / PDP. Mass: 21,082 kg. Perigee: 301 km. Apogee: 306 km.
Inclination: 28.5 deg. Period: 90.6 min.
Manned five crew. First shuttle reflight after Challenger disaster. Deployed TDRS 3. Payloads: Deploy IUS (lnertial Upper Stage) with Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS)-C. 3M's Physical Vapor Transport Organics Solids 2 experiment (PVTOS), Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (ADSF), Infrared Communi-cations Flight Experiment (lRCFE), Protein Crystal Growth Il (PCG), Isoelectric Focusing (ISF)-2, Phase Partitioning Experiment (PPE), Aggrega-tion of Red Blood Cells (ARC)-2, Mesoscale Lightning Experiment (MLE)-1, Earth Limb Radiance (ELRAD), Orbiter Experiments (OEX), Autonomous Supporting Instrumentation System (OASlS)-I, two Shuttle Student Involvement Project (SSIP) experiments.
Orbits of Earth: 63. Distance traveled: 2,703,697 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass:
115,487 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 88,078 kg. Payload to Orbit: 21,082 kg.
Payload Returned: 4,066 kg. Landed at: Runway 17 dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base, .
Landing Speed: 346 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 761 m. Landing Rollout: 2,271 m.
STS-26 Discovery, IUS / TDRS-3 deployment - Credit: NASA.
NASA Official Mission Narrative
Mission Name: STS-26 (26)
Pad 39-B (7)
26th Shuttle mission
7th Flight OV-103
Frederick H. Hauck (3), Commander
Richard O. Covey (2), Pilot
John M. Lounge (2), Mission Specialist 1
George D. Nelson (3),
Mission Specialist 2
David C. Hilmers (2), Mission Specialist 3
OPF - Oct. 30, 1986
VAB - June 21, 1988
PAD - July 4, 1988
September 29, 1988,11:37:00 a.m. EDT. Launch delayed one hour,
38 minutes to replace fuses in cooling system of two of crew's flight pressure suits, and due to lighter
than expected upper atmospheric winds. Suit repairs successful and countdown continued after waiver of
wind condition constraint. Launch Weight: 254,606 lbs.
Duration: Four days, one hour, zero minutes, 11 seconds.
Distance: 1,680,000 miles
STS-26 - STS-26 Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103, IUS / TDRS-3
deployment - Credit: NASA. 15,354 bytes. 473 x 473 pixels.|
ET : 28/LWT-21
MLP : 2
October 3, 1988, 9:37:11 a.m. PDT, Runway 17,
Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. Rollout distance: 7,451 feet. Rollout time: 49 seconds. Orbiter returned
to KSC Oct. 8,1988. Landing Weight: 194,184 lbs.
|STS-26 - STS-26 crewmembers eat on middeck as TAGS printout drifts among them - Credit: NASA. 49,172 bytes. 621 x 621 pixels.|
Primary payload, NASA Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-3 (TDRS-3) attached to an Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), became second TDRS deployed. After deployment, IUS propelled satellite to geosynchronous orbit. Secondary payloads: Physical Vapor Transport of Organic Solids (PVTOS); Protein Crystal Growth (PCG); Infrared Communications Flight Experiment (IRCFE); Aggregation of Red Blood Cells (ARC); Isoelectric Focusing Experiment (IFE); Mesoscale Lightning Experiment (MLE); Phase Partitioning Experiment (PPE); Earth-Limb Radiance Experiment (ELRAD); Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (ADSF) and two Shuttle Student Involvement Program (SSIP) experiments. Orbiter Experiments Autonomous Supporting Instrumentation System-I (OASIS-I) recorded variety of environmental measurements during various inflight phases of orbiter. Ku-band antenna in payload bay deployed; however, dish antenna command and actual telemetry did not correspond. Also, orbiter cabin Flash Evaporator System iced up, raising crew cabin temperature to mid-80s.
STS-26 - STS-26 launch and entry suits (LESs) freefloat on
OV-103's middeck - Credit: NASA.|
STS-26 - STS-26 crewmembers in Hawaiian shirts and sunglasses
pose for group portrait - Credit: NASA.|
STS-26 - STS-26 MS Nelson adjusts ADSF power cable on Discovery's
middeck - Credit: NASA.|
STS-26 - STS-26 Commander Hauck with launch and entry suits
(LESs) on OV-103's middeck - Credit: NASA.|
Ref.: #1, #7, #8, #16 - update: 19.03.06