Salyut 1 (DOS-1)

USSR


Launch, orbit & landing data:

Designation 05160 / 71032A
Launch date - time 19 Apr 1971 - 01:40 UT
Launch site Baikonur, LC81P
Launch vehicle  Proton-K
Mass (kg) 18900
Earth orbit on :
   - Perigee / Apogee 200 / 222 km
   - Inclination 51.6°
   - Period 88.5 min
Descent date - time 11 Oct 1971 - UT
Reentry location Pacific Ocean
Flight Duration (d:hr:min) 175 d
Nbr orbits 




The Salyut 1 was the world's first space station. It was developed in a crash project that took military Almaz space station hulls and equipped them with Soyuz systems.

Salyut 1 Mockup Inspection - Credit: RKK Energia.

Salyut 1 Rollout - Notice name 'Zarya' in Cyrillic on the side. This name was abandoned after launch, and the station was renamed 'Salyut'. 'Zarya' was used again as the name for the first component of the Internaional Space Station 28 years later. - Credit: RKK Energia.



Summary:

1st in the world habitable orbital first-generation space station (one docking port, could not be resupplied or refueled). Short-time docking (for 5h 30m) of spacecraft "Soyuz-10" and work of crew of "Soyuz-11".

Ref.: #7(JR647), #21 - update: 23.09.04 Home