MOON launches

USSR


Launch Time Payload Int. L. Mass Satellite Launch Site Perigee Apogee Incl. Periode Location Decay Lifetime Notes Ref.
23-09-58 Luna - E-1 n1 Vostok 8K72L B-LC1 - - - - 23-09-58 Failure: launcher disintegrated 93 sec after launch
11-10-58 Luna - E-1 n2 Vostok 8K72L B-LC1 - - - - 11-10-58 Failure: launcher didintegrated 104 sec after launch
4-12-58 Luna - E-1 n3 Vostok 8K72L B-LC1 - - - - 4-12-58 Failure: core engines shut off at 245 sec into the flight
2-01-59 16:41 Luna 1 Mu 1 361,3 E-1 n4 Vostok 8K72L B-LC1 Solar orbit indef. Failed to achieve lunar impact, passing within 7500 km, 1e solar satellite
18-06-59 8:08 Luna - E-1 n5 Vostok 8K72L B-LC1 - - - - 18-06-59 Failure: inertial system failed at 153 sec, vehicle destroyed
12-09-59 6:39 Luna 2 Xi 1 390,2 E-1 n6 Vostok 8K72L B-LC1 Lunar impact 15-09-59 1e Lunar impact: 30N, 1W - 1e crash-landed on Moon
4-10-59 0:43 Luna 3 Theta 1 278,5 E-2A n1 Vostok 8K72L B-LC1 40300 476500 73,8 22700,00 29-04-60 177,00 Lunar flyby, high Earth orbit, 1e lunar far side photos
15-04-60 15:06 Luna - E-3 n1 Vostok 8K72L B-LC1 - - - - 15-04-60 Failure: third stage RO-5 engine did not reach full thrust
19-04-60 16:07 Luna - E-3 n2 Vostok 8K72L B-LC1 - - - - 19-04-60 Failure: Strap-on B reached only 75 % of thrust, rocket exploded
4-01-63 8:49 Sputnik 25 (Luna) 01A 2500 (?) E-6 N1 Molniya 8K78L B-LC1 151 (?) 151 (?) 64,9 87,50 5-01-63 1,00 Failed to leave Earth orbit (Blok L inverter failure, TLI failure)
3-02-63 9:29 Luna - E-6 N2 Molniya 8K78L B-LC1 - - - - Failed to archieve Earth orbit (Blok L guidance failure)
2-04-63 8:24 Luna 4 08B 1422 E-6 N3 Molniya 8K78L B-LC1 89250 694000 - 42000,00 indef. Failed to archieve soft landing, solar orbit
21-03-64 8:16 Luna - E-6 N4 Molniya 8K78M B-LC1 - - - - 21-03-64 Failure: engine of stage 3 cut off prematurely
9-04-64 ?? Luna A-2-e - - - - 9-04-64 Failed to achieve Earth orbit
20-04-64 8:08 Luna - E-6 N5 Molniya 8K78M B-LC1 - - - - 20-04-64 Failed to leave Earth orbit (attempted Lunar Lander)
12-03-65 9:36 Cosmos 60 18A 6530 E-6 N9 Molniya 8K78L B-LC1 195 248 64,72 88,93 17-03-65 5,00 Failed to leave Earth orbit (escape stage engine)(attempted Lunar Lander)
10-04-65 Luna - E-6 N8 Molniya 8K78L B-LC1 - - - - 10-04-65 Failure of stage 3 engine (attempted Lunar lander)
9-05-65 7:55 Luna 5 36A 1474 E-6 N10 Molniya 8K78M B-LC1 Lunar impact 12-05-65 3,47 Failed to achieve soft landing, impact at 31S, 8E
8-06-65 7:40 Luna 6 44A 1442 E-6 N7 Molniya 8K78M B-LC1 Heliocentric orbit indef. Failed to achieve soft landing, 160000 km miss.
18-07-65 6:00 Zond 3 56A 959 3MV-4 N3 Molniya 8K78 B-LC1 Heliocentric orbit indef. Lunar flyby, solar orbit, 25 photos of far side.
4-10-65 7:55 Luna 7 77A 1505 E-6 N11 Molniya 8K78 B-LC1 Lunar impact 7-10-65 3,59 Failed to achieve soft landing, impact at 9N, 40W
3-12-65 10:49 Luna 8 99A 1552 E-6 N12 Molniya 8K78 B-LC31 Lunar impact 6-12-65 3,46 Failed to achieve soft landing, impact at 9.1N, 63.3W
31-01-66 11:41 Luna 9 06A 1580/99,8 E-6M N13 Molniya 8K78M B Lunar impact 3-02-66 3,29 Soft landing at 7.1N, 64.3W
1-03-66 11:03 Cosmos 111 17A 6540 E-6S N204 Molniya 8K78M B-LC31 182 194 51,84 88,19 3-03-66 1,61 Failed to leave Earth orbit (attempted Lunar orbiter)
31-03-66 10:46 Luna 10 27A 244,9 E-6S N206 Molniya 8K78M B Selenocentric orbit indef. Lunar orbit, 350x1017km 178,3 min, 71,9
30-04-66 ?? Luna ? - - - - - Attempted Lunar Orbiter (Launch Failure) NASA
24-08-66 8:03 Luna 11 78A 1638 E-6LF N101 Molniya 8K78M B Selenocentric orbit indef. Lunar orbit: 163,5x1193,6km, 178 min, 27
22-10-66 8:38 Luna 12 94A 1625 E-6LF N102 Molniya 8K78M B Selenocentric orbit indef. Lunar orbit: 95x1740km, 205 min, 15
21-12-66 10:17 Luna 13 116A 1590/99,8 E-6M N205 Molniya 8K78M B Lunar impact 24-12-66 3,32 Soft landing at 18.9N - 62.0W
27-09-67 22:11 Zond - L-1 n4L Proton-K/D B-LC81 - - - - 27-09-67 Failure, only five out of sixe first stage engines fired.
22-11-67 19:07 Zond - L-1 n5L Proton-K/D B-LC81 - - - - Failed to achieve Earth orbit, only three out of four second stage engines fired.
7-02-68 10:43 Luna - E-6LS n112 Molniya 8K78M B-LC1 - - - - 7-02-68 Launch Failure: stage 3 engine cut off prematurely (attempted Lunar orbiter)
2-03-68 18:29 Zond 4 13A L-1 n6L Proton-K/D B-LC81 Systems check to lunar distance. Communications faillure, not recovered.
7-04-68 10:09 Luna 14 27A 1700 E-6LS N113 Molniya 8K78M B Luner orbit Lunar orbit, 160x870km, 160 min, 42
22-04-68 23:01 Zond - L-1 n7L Proton-K/D B-LC81 - - - - 22-04-68 - Failed to achieve Earth orbit
14-09-68 21:42 Zond 5 76A L-1 n9L Proton-K/D B-LC81 21-09-68 Circumlunar flyby, Earth return to 32,6S, 65,6E - recovered
10-11-68 19:11 Zond 6 101A L-1 n12L Proton-K/D B-LC81 17-11-68 Circumlunar flyby, recovered on Earth 17/11.
20-01-69 4:14 Zond - L-1 n13L Proton-K/D B-LC81 20-01-69 - Circumlunar mission. Second and third stages failure.
19-02-69 6:48 Luna - E-8 N201 Proton-K/D B-LC81 - - - - 19-02-69 - Launch Failure (attempted Lunar Rover ?)
21-02-69 Mock-up LK - L-3S 3L N-1 B-J5 - - - - 21-02-69 - 1st launch, first stage failure. Descent module was recovered.
5-04-69 ?? Luna - D-1-E - - - - 5-04-69 - Failed to achieve Earth orbit
15-04-69 ?? Luna - - - - - 15-04-69 - Launch Failure (attempted Luanr Sample Return ?)
12-06-69 ?? Unknown G-1 Failed to achieve Earth orbit
14-06-69 4:00 Luna - E-8 N402 Proton-K/D B-LC81 - - - - 14-06-69 Third stage failed to ignite and the assembly re-entered
13-07-69 2:54 Luna 15 58A E-8 N401 Proton-K/D B-LC81 Lunar impact 21-07-69 Lunar impact, failed to achieve soft landing
23-09-69 14:07 Cosmos 300 80A 19400 (?) E-8-5 N403 Proton-K/D B-LC81 184 189 51,52 88,16 27-09-69 4 d Failed to leave Earth orbit
22-10-69 14:09 Cosmos 305 92A 19400 (?) E-8-5 N404 Proton-K/D B-LC81 175 206 51,52 88,23 24-10-69 2,08 Failed to leave Earth orbit
6-02-70 4:16 Luna - E-8-5 n405 Proton-K/D B-LV81 - - - - 6-02-70 Confirmed launch failure, but no mission details.
19-02-70 ?? Luna D-1-E - - - - 19-02-70 Failed to achieve Earth orbit
12-09-70 13:26 Luna 16 72A 476 (?) E-8-5 n406 Proton-K/D B-LC81 Barycentric orbit 24-09-70 2,91 (R) Soil sample return from 0.7S, 56.3E
10-11-70 14:44 Luna 17 95A E-8 n203 Proton-K/D B-LC81 Soft Moon landing 17-11-70 Lunar rover 38.3N, 35.0W
10-11-70 14:44 Lunokhod 1 756 Soft Moon landing indef. 1e Lunar Rover
2-09-71 13:41 Luna 18 73A E-8-5 n407 Proton-K/D B-LC81 Moon landing 11-09-71 Lunar orbit, failed to achieve soft landing
28-09-71 10:00 Luna 19 82A E-8LS n202 Proton-K/D B-LC81 Moon orbit Lunar orbit 77x385km, 131 min, 40
14-02-72 3:28 Luna 20 07A 476 (?) E-8-5 n408 Proton-K/D B-LC81 Lunar landing / Barycentric orbit 25-02-72 11,66 (R) Soil sample return from 3.4N, 56.6E
8-01-73 6:56 Luna 21 01A E-8 n204 Proton-K/D B-LC81 Soft Moon landing 15-01-73 Lunar rover, 25.9N, 30.5E
8-01-73 6:56 Lunokhod 2 Proton-K/D B-LC81 Soft Moon landing indef. Lunar Rover
29-05-74 8:57 Luna 22 37A E-8LS n206 Proton-K/D B-LC81 Moon orbit on 2/06/74 Lunar orbit, extensive manoeuvring
28-10-74 14:31 Luna 23 84A 4000 (?) E-8-5M n410 Proton-K/D B-LC81 Soft Moon landing on 6/11/74 6-11-74 Soft landing, soil sample return
16-10-75 4:04 Luna - E-8-5M n412 Proton-K/D B-LC81 - - - - 16-10-75 Failure, malfunction in the fourth stage of the launch vehicle
9-08-76 15:04 Luna 24 81A E-8-5M n413 Proton-K/D1 B-LC81 Soft Moon landing on 18/08/76 22-08-76 (R) Soil sample return from 12.75 N, 62.2 E

Ref: #2, 3, 7 - update: 28.01.02