STS-51D

USA


Manned Flight n: 104

Earth orbit Flight n: 101

USA manned Flight n: 47


Launch, orbit & landing data:

Designation 15641 / 85028A
Launch date - time 12 Apr 1985 - 13:59:05 UT
Launch site KSC, LC39A
Launch vehicle  Space Shuttle
Orbiter Discovery OV-103 (#4)
Primary payload Anik C1/SYNCOM IV-3
Mass (kg) 
Call Sign 
Earth orbit:
   - Perigee / Apogee  km
   - Inclination 28.5°
   - Period  min
Landing date - time 19 Apr 1985 - 13:54:28 UT
Landing location KSC, Runway 33
Flight Duration (d:hr:min) 6d 23h 55m
Nbr orbits 110

7 astronauts

Flight Crew

Nr. Surname Given name Job Duration
1  Bobko  Karol Joseph  CDR 6d 23h 55m 
2  Williams  Donald Edward  PLT 6d 23h 55m 
3  Seddon  Margaret Rhea  MSP 6d 23h 55m 
4  Hoffman  Jeffrey Alan  MSP 6d 23h 55m 
5  Griggs  Stanley David  MSP 6d 23h 55m 
6  Walker  Charles David  PSP 6d 23h 55m 
7  Garn  Edwin Jacob "Jake"  PSP 6d 23h 55m 

Mission details:

Launch from Cape Canaveral (KSC); landing in Cape Canaveral (KSC); deploying of communications satellites TELESAT-I (ANIK C-1) and SYNCOM IV-3 (LEASAT-3); Senator Garn first politician in space; Walker (McDonnell) worked again on the Electrophoresis-experiment; Hoffman and Griggs peformed a not planned spacewalk (3h 08m) to attach Flyswatter devices to remote manipulator system; LEASAT-3 spacecraft sequencer failed and the antenna was not deployed and the perigee kick motor did not start; mission extended two days, but the sequencer still failed; landing was problematic with extensive brake damage.

12 April 1985 13:55 GMT.Payload: Discovery F04 / Anik C1[PAM-D] / Syncom-4 3 /Orbus. Mass: 16,249 kg. Perigee: 445 km. Apogee: 535 km. Inclination: 28.5 deg. Period: 94.4 min.
STS-51-DSTS-51-D - Astronaut Rhea Seddon sits down to a meal in the middeck - Credit: NASA.

Payloads: Telesat (Canada communications satellite)-I with Payload Assist Module (PAM)-D deployment, Syncom IV-3 communications satellite deploy-ment with its unique stage (unique stage failed to ignite), Continuous Flow Electrophoresis (CFES), Phase Partitioning Experiment (PPE), student experiments, two getaway specials (GAS) Informal science studies (Toys in Space).


STS-51-DSTS-51-D - End effector of the Discovery's RMS with tools moves toward Syncom-IV - Credit: NASA. 30,269 bytes. 482 x 482 pixels.

Orbits of Earth: 109. Distance traveled: 4,650,658 km. Orbiter Liftoff Mass: 113,802 kg. Orbiter Mass at Landing: 89,816 kg. Payload to Orbit: 16,249 kg. Payload Returned: 6,009 kg. Landed at: Runway 33 at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Landing Speed: 370 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 499 m. Landing Rollout: 3,179 m. EVA: Jeffrey Hoffman and David Griggs, duration, 3 hours, 10 minutes.

STS-51-DSTS-51-D - End effector of the Discovery's RMS with tools attached - Credit: NASA. 27,609 bytes. 486 x 486 pixels.


NASA Official Mission Narrative

Mission Name: 51-D (16)
DISCOVERY (4)
Pad 39-A (28)
16th Shuttle mission
4th Flight OV-103
Extended mission
5th KSC landing

Crew:
Karol J. Bobko (2), Commander
Donald E. Williams (1), Pilot
M. Rhea Seddon (1), Mission Specialist 1
Jeffrey A. Hoffman (1), Mission Specialist 2
S. David Griggs (1), Mission Specialist 3
Charles D. Walker (2), Payload Specialist 1
Sen E. Jake Garn (1), Payload Specialist 2


STS-51-DSTS-51-D - Syncom-IV (LEASAT) satellite - Credit: NASA. 32,251 bytes. 419 x 419 pixels.

Milestones:
OPF - Jan. 28, 1985
VAB - March 23,1985
PAD - March 28, 1985

Payload:
LEASAT-3,ANIK-E2,CFES(6),AFE,PPE/SAS,SSIP(x2),GAS(x2)
Mission Objectives:

Launch:
April 12, 1985, 8:59:05 a.m. EST. Launch set for March 19 rescheduled to March 28 due to remanifesting of payloads from canceled mission 51-E. Delayed further due to damage to orbiter's payload bay door when facility access platform dropped. Launch April 12 delayed 55 minutes when ship entered restricted solid rocket booster recovery area. Launch Weight: 250,891 lbs.
Orbit:
Altitude: 285nm
Inclination: 28.5 degrees
Orbits: 110
Duration: Six days, 23 hours, 55 minutes, 23 seconds.
Distance: 2,889,785 miles


STS-51-DSTS-51-D - Astronaut S. David Griggs waves to Orbiter during EVA - Credit: NASA. 37,839 bytes. 618 x 618 pixels.

Hardware:
SRB: BI-018
SRM: L017(HPM)
ET : 18/LWT-11
MLP : 1
SSME-1: SN-2109
SSME-2: SN-2018
SSME-3: SN-2012

Landing:
April 19, 1985,8:54:28 a.m. EST, Runway 33, Kennedy Space Center, Fla. Rollout distance: 10,430 feet. Rollout time: 63 seconds. Extensive brake damage and blown tire during landing prompted landing of future flights at Edwards Air Force Base until implementation of nose wheel steering. Landing Weight: 198,014 lbs.


STS-51-DSTS-51-D - Astronaut Rhea Seddon works on flyswatter-like snagging device - Credit: NASA. 25,837 bytes. 319 x 319 pixels.

Mission Highlights:
TELESAT-l (ANIK C-1) communications satellite deployed, attached to Payload Assist Module (PAM-D) motor. SYNCOM IV-3 (also known as LEASAT-3) deployed. but spacecraft sequencer failed to initiate antenna deployment, spin.up and ignition of perigee kick motor. Mission extended two days to make certain sequencer start lever in proper position. Griggs and Hoffman performed space walk to attach Flyswatter devices to remote manipulator system. Seddon engaged LEASAT lever using remote manipulator system but post deployment sequence did not begin. Other payloads: Continuous Flow Electrophoresis System (CFES) III, flying for sixth time; two Shuttle Student Involvement Program (SSIP) experiments; American Flight Echocardiograph (AFE); two Get Away Specials; Phase Partitioning Experiments (PPE); astronomy Photography verification test; medical experiments and `toys in space, an informal study of the behavior of simple toys in weightless environment, with results to be made available to school students.
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